Biophilic design: Nature of the space

in Biophilic Design

The first 10 biophilic design patterns (Nature in the Space and Natural Analogues) focus on the material aspect of nature, introducing and replicating textures, patterns and sensory aspects of nature.

But living in contact with nature is more than that. And the last 4 patterns – grouped under the Nature of the Space category – cover what’s been missing so far: the feelings that arise when we are in contact with nature.

11. Prospect

Uninterrupted view over a distance.

 
This pattern originates from research stating that we are naturally drawn to environments that recall African savannahs, i.e. the habitat where we evolved as a species. Wide-open spaces feel comforting and give us a reassuring feeling of control.

Open floor plans are a great way to translate this pattern in interiors.
When separation is needed, see-through partitions or glass mezzanines can divide the space, while maximizing the quantity of natural light in the space.
Open bookshelves used as room dividers are another option, as they partition the space without blocking the view. Plus, they add storage, which is always a good thing, right?

To maximize the available prospect, this pattern advises that views should extend from 6 metres (20 feet approx.) to 30 metres (100 feet approx.).
Similarly, limiting the height of partitions to 1 metre (42 inches) is preferable to separate the space while keeping the view uninterrupted.

Read more about Prospect

Open plan minimal apartment, with uninterrupted view from the kitchen to the patio, great example of biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: DX Architects (opened in a new window/tab) (Photo by Tatjana Plitt (opened in a new window/tab))
Glass partition between living and dining room, great example of biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Velaria sliding door by Rimadesio (opened in a new window/tab)
Open bookshelf room divider between kitchen and dining area, great example of biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Essence Ri-flex by Veneta Cucine (opened in a new window/tab)

12. Refuge

Sense of protection from environmental conditions and activity.

 
When living in nature – and in interior spaces as well – it's important to have some refuge areas. Creating a sense of safety and calm, they allow us to disconnect from the outdoor environment, which includes both weather conditions and the hectic pace of modern life.

Ideally, a refuge area should provide protection from three sides, and leave the fourth open to still have a view on the surroundings.

Reading nooks and window seats are ideal examples, as they create a more intimate area into a bigger space. Enveloping armchairs and canopy beds are also ways to add refuge without the need for structural works.

If a refuge area is a place for healing, the bathroom is the one room that comes to mind. And indeed, conceiving a bathroom like a home-spa is the opportunity to create a space dedicated to relaxation.

Read more about Refuge

Refuge area - a cozy reading corner in a living room.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Design by Bellas Artes (opened in a new window/tab) - Visualization by Nurik Karanavidani (via Behance) (opened in a new window/tab)
Window seat in a modern bedroom, great option to create a refuge area in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Bark Design (opened in a new window/tab) (Photo by Christopher Frederick Jones (opened in a new window/tab))
Canopy bed in a minimalist home, great option to create a refuge area in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Igor Sirotov (opened in a new window/tab)
Walk-in shower, great option to create a refuge area in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Ranquist Development (via Trendir (opened in a new window/tab))
Selection of enveloping armchairs, great option to create a refuge area in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit (clockwise from top left): Nest Egg by Studio Stirling (opened in a new window/tab), Caristo by SP01 Design (opened in a new window/tab), Ladle large by Arflex (opened in a new window/tab), Undecided by Manerba (opened in a new window/tab)

13. Mystery

Partially obscured views stimulating curiosity about the unknown.

 
Humans are naturally drawn to exploration and find pleasure in spaces that alternate open views and shielded areas.

A biophilic design will reproduce this feeling by hiding some areas of an interior and inviting occupants to explore the space with carefully designed leading paths created with lines (mainly curved), light, scents and sounds.

Read more about Mystery

Curved shape corridor, great option to create a mysterious path in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Hironaka Ogawa (opened in a new window/tab) (via Home Adore (opened in a new window/tab))

14. Risk/Peril

Balance between a sense of risk and the feeling of protection.

 
Spaces are immediately perceived as more intriguing and stimulating when they provoke some kind of risky feeling. Potential risks include:

  • falling
  • getting wet
  • getting hurt
  • losing control

 
It’s important to mention that all these risks should be just a perception, namely the space needs to be 100% safe in reality. Also, the perception of risk should always be paired with a reasonable feeling of protection to avoid becoming threatening.

Good examples are infinity pools, glass floors or full-height windows with very thin profiles. All these features are totally safe, but can trick people in thinking that they may fall.

Read more about Risk

Infinity pool, great option to create a sense of risk in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Alka Pool (opened in a new window/tab)
Glass floor, great option to create a sense of risk in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Metaform Architects (opened in a new window/tab)
Full-height window looking into the forest, great option to create a sense of risk in a biophilic design.<span class="sr-only"> (opened in a new window/tab)</span>
Credit: Paul Kaloustian (opened in a new window/tab)

 
Human beings have always lived in close contact with nature. It is part of who we are and studies keep proving the benefits of nature on us.
With the evolution of metropolitan areas, humans have left nature behind. And with it also the benefits it has on our wellbeing!

Biophilic design puts health and wellbeing at the core of urban areas, workspaces and homes. This is not just beneficial for human beings, but for the environment as well.
To start with, biophilic design gives nature more physical space to thrive. Also – by re-creating a positive relationship between humans and nature – it makes people generally more prone to caring for nature in everyday life!

Keep exploring biophilic design through its other patterns:

 
Or take a look at my Biophilic Design Guide for a recap of all 14 patterns of biophilic design + links to more in-depth articles.

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